Volume 5 Issue 9 (September 2017)

ISSN 2201-9529


Just how important are those prenatal months for the psychological and emotional development of a child? It’s a difficult question, although intuitively many would agree that the experience of a baby in the womb must be important to his or her development. The late Dr. Jenö Raffai developed a theory and method he called bonding analysis, in which he assisted mothers to attune to their unborn babies in order to form a stronger attachment and establish security for the child. It was also thought to enhance the capacity for mother–child bonding after birth. Christa Balkenhol-Wright shares with us this month from her expertise in prenatal psychology and hypnotherapy, addressing not only the emotional and psychological aspects of prenatal bonding but the neurobiological underpinnings of the approach.

Then Dr. Haley Peckham takes up the baton with an evolutionary perspective on attachment, emotional development and regulation, and relational trauma. In harsh environments, psychological stances that have attracted a “pathological” label might be more accurately interpreted as adaptive. If so, what does that mean for the clinician? Peckham applies an evolutionary lens and walks us through the basics of attachment, affect regulation, and adaptive responses in the face of hardship and trauma.

Prefrontal Muse this month features Dr. David Van Nuys, who takes a brief look at a new report from the Foundation for Responsible Robotics on sex robots—that’s right, androids being designed to compete with flesh-and-blood prostitutes, and maybe with sexual partners in general.




Evolutionary Perspectives: Attachment theory, affect regulation theory and working with relational trauma.

Dr. Haley Peckham walks us through an evolutionary perspective on attachment and associated emotional development and what this means for clinical practice.

Haley Peckham

Neurobiological Underpinnings of Bonding Analysis

Christa Balkenhol-Wright is a bonding facilitator with expertise in prenatal psychology and hypnotherapy. In this article she expounds on the theories developed by the late psychotherapist Dr. Jenö Raffai in regards to prenatal bonding of mother and baby.

Christa Balkenhol-Wright


51 pages

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