Mind-Brain-Gene describes the feedback loops between the multiple systems contributing to the emergence of the mind and the experience of the self. In so doing, it explains how our mental operating networks “self”-organize, drawing from and modifying our memory systems to establish and maintain mental health. This book synthesizes the research in psychoneuroimmunology and epigenetics with interpersonal neurobiology and research on integrated psychotherapeutic approaches.
Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings. The study, which uses a statistical technique to approximate random assignment, indicates that this increase in behavior problems cannot be attributed to various characteristics of the child, the parents, or the home environment – rather, it seems to be the specific result of spanking.
Impaired neural connections may explain profound and long-lasting effects of traumatic experiences during childhood. For the first time, researchers have been able to see changes in the neural structures in specific areas of the brains of people who suffered severe abuse as children.