Basic Psychological Needs

Klaus Grawe (2004, 2007) developed a view of mental functioning from conceptualizations formed in mainstream contemporary psychology, yet with a particular ‘driver’ that may not be altogether ‘mainstream’. That is, “the goals a person forms during his or her life ultimately serve the satisfaction of distinct basic needs.” (Grawe, 2007, p. 169). Grawe defined key psychological ‘basic needs’ as the core of his consistency theory, whereby our behaviour is driven to satisfy these needs, either in a healthy way or in a pathological way. Behaviour is dictated by motivational schemas (ways and means we develop to satisfy a need) and is generally either approach driven (from cortical processes) or avoidance driven (from limbic processes).

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  • Grawe, K. (2004). Psychological therapy. Toronto: Hogrefe & Huber.
  • Grawe, K. (2007). Neuropsychotherapy: How the Neurosciences Inform Effective Psychotherapy (1st ed.). Routledge.