Neuroscience

Neuroscience to inform effective psychotherapy

Guide to the Brain Part 12 – Mirror Neurons

Members Download: Italian neuroscientists in the mid-1990s were studying the premotor areas of the frontal lobes of monkeys when they discovered a remarkable connection between the firing of neurons in the motor cortex and visual perception...

The Limbic System

The Limbic System The limbic system (also known as the paleomammalian brain) is a collection of brain structures located in the middle of the brain. It was first defined by Paul Broca in the nineteenth century as the structures between the cerebral hemisphere and the...

Guide to the Brain Part 11 – Default Mode Network

The Psychotherapist's Essential Guide to the Brain Part 11 The Default Mode Network Members Download: We are social beings with sophisticated and complex systems of relating to one another. The psychological needs of pain avoidance,...

Epigenetics

Epigenetics Definition Epigenetics (from the Greek: επί - over, outside of, or around the genome) is the study of trait variations caused by external or environmental factors that switch genes on and off and affect how cells read genes. Epigenetic research seeks to...

Memory Reconsolidation

Memory Reconsolidation Definition Memory reconsolidation is the brain’s natural, neural process that can produce transformational change: the full, permanent elimination of an acquired behavior or emotional response. It is the brain’s innate process for fundamentally...

Guide to the Brain Part 10

The Psychotherapist’s Essential Guide to the Brain Part 10 Striatum, Motivation and Control Members Download: In 1988, French neurologist Michel Habib and colleague Michel Poncet became intrigued by stories of people who would all of a sudden...

Hypothalamus

The Hypothalamus The hypothalamus (from the Greek words meaning “chamber underneath”) is a structure with a variety of vital functions that links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, for the regulation and coordination of basic life...

The Triune Brain

The Triune Brain Neuroscientist Paul D. MacLean formulated a model of the brain in the 1960s, detailed in his 1990 book The Triune Brain in Evolution, describing the brain in terms of three distinct structures that emerged along an evolutionary path. Although this...

The Hippocampus

The Hippocampus The hippocampus is another very important structure in the limbic system. It is involved in the formation of declarative memories that are processed and transferred to neocortical areas through the process of memory consolidation and, notably,...

Wonderfully Connected

The Networked Brain The human brain has about 100,000 miles of white matter (bundles of myelinated axons) shooting electrochemical signals down 100 billion neurons through 100 trillion synaptic connections—we are spectacularly connected! The pattern of neural...

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